Are you thinking about planting a tree on your property? Great idea — a new tree can be a fantastic addition to your yard. Trees help reduce energy costs by shading your house in summer, and they also improve air quality and help manage runoff.
But to maximize the benefits from the trees on your property, it’s important that you choose and plant your tree wisely. That’s where we can help. Below, this tree care company in Wilmette, Illinois is going to discuss some of the key things you should consider when planting new trees.
Pick the right tree
Trees come in many different shapes and sizes. Whether you want a shade tree, a small flowering tree, or one that provides excellent cover for birds and butterflies, there’s a tree out there for you.
You can always reach out to your local tree care company in Wilmette, Illinois for suggestions. You can also use the USDA’s Plant Hardiness Zone Tool to determine which trees will most likely thrive in your area.
Pick the right spot to plant your tree
Trees require specific conditions for sunlight, soil, and climate. A tree that needs full sun won’t thrive in the shade, while another that needs dry soil might not survive in a wet spot.
The goal is to make sure your tree does not create problems as it grows. It’s best to plant it at least 15 feet away from structures, allowing the roots and branches enough room to grow. Also, consider potential interference with power lines, sidewalks, and other infrastructure in the area.
Prep work and planting
You’ll want to clear grass and other plants from a several-foot radius around the planting spot, as grass competes with young trees for water and nutrients. Dig a hole as deep as the tree’s container or sack, and three to five times wider. This allows the roots to spread out as they grow, resulting in a healthier tree.
Place the tree in the center of the hole, then backfill with the soil you dug out. When filling, you should make sure you don’t bury the root flare — the part where the first main roots connect to the trunk. Keep the flare visible and slightly above ground level.
It’s always a good idea to add mulch after planting a tree. It looks nice, and, more importantly, it helps retain soil moisture. Spread mulch 2 to 4 inches deep, starting at least four inches from the root flare and moving outwards.
Also, avoid creating “mulch volcanoes” by piling mulch against the tree trunk. Too much mulch can cut the oxygen supply to the lower roots, resulting in stressed and dying roots. A stressed tree has fewer defenses than a properly mulched one, making it more susceptible to otherwise minor pest and disease issues.
Properly water your tree
Water newly planted trees more frequently. It’s typically recommended that you water the tree daily for the first two weeks after planting, then switch to watering every two or three days for the next three to 12 weeks. Continue weekly watering until the tree is established, which usually takes three years.
Don’t water your trees when there’s been sufficient rainfall. Also, make sure you keep the soil moist but not wet.
Fertilizer and other care
Fertilizer can’t solve all tree problems, and many trees don’t need it. If your tree grows well and the leaves look healthy, it likely doesn’t need extra nutrients.
However, if your tree exhibits signs like yellowing or dying leaves, it’s best that you reach out to a professional tree care company in Wilmette, Illinois right away. These problems often relate to issues such as over- or under-watering, soil compaction, insufficient sun, improper pruning, or pests and diseases.
Looking for a Tree Care Company in Wilmette, Illinois?
Are you looking for a professional tree care company in Wilmette, Illinois that can assist with all your tree planting needs? If so, Brown Tree Service Inc is the company to call. Whether you need to decide on the right tree for your yard, figure out the best spot to plant it, or need some tips on keeping your trees healthy and happy, we can help. Contact us today to begin the process.